Houdini Tutorial - Sliced Mountains
Learn how to generate Godus-inspired islands using heightfields in Houdini.
Ludum Dare 44 is now over. It’s been fun! Since quite a few people asked for it, here’s a little breakdown of the islands in our game Seaway. You can see it in action here.
We wanted to recreate islands similar to the ones we find in Godus, in a more simplified version.
Here’s how it works:
- Generate a heightfield
- Convert it to points
- Loop through all the points according to their height
- Reconstruct the slices from each layer of points
1 - Heightfield
The island height generation is quite basic. I only used one HeightField Noise SOP and played with the parameters till I was happy with the results. Just make sure to set Combine Method to Maximum so that we only get values above 0.
Here’s what I came up with:
To get points from all of this we first need to convert the heightfield to polygons, using HeightField Convert. Then we can use a Points from Volume, and set the Point Separation to 2. This value will describe later on the height of each slice. Clip the points below 1 or more to remove every points from the ground and only keep separated bits of the heightfield.
Clipping the ground usually messes up our object position, we can reset it easily with some vex. Append a Point Wrangle and add the following code:
@P -= getbbox_center(0); @P.y += getbbox_size(0).y * .5;
At the same time we can also add a point attribute from the points height, so we can use it later in our loop to gather all the points by slice.
i@height = rint(@P.y);
2 - Reconstructing the slices
Now that each point has an attribute called height representing its layer, we can easily loop through them. Plug in a For-Each Named Primitive and set Piece Elements to Points, and Piece Attribute to our point attribute name height. You should be able to see each layer individually by ticking Single Pass.
We can now work on each layer independently. Here’s how I reconstructed the slices:
First, a Connect Adjacent Pieces set to Adjacent Points goes through all the points and creates connexions with all their neighbours within a certain radius. Here I set the search radius to something like 4, it depends of what shape you want to have.
Then a Triangulate 2D creates a mesh from the generated connexions. You can set the 2D Positions to Select Projection Plane and leave the default settings. It makes sure every layer is remeshed in the same direction. This resets our layer’s position though so we need to put it back to its original height. Simply get the current point height attribute and assign it to the current point Y position.
@P.y = i@height;
The Divide SOP is used to clean up the geometry. Untick Convex Polygons and tick Remove Shared Edges so that we’re left with only one primitive from the previous triangulated mess. Follow that with a Facet to remove the inline points.
Then you can simply do a PolyExtrude and only output the sides, subdivide it, and put the caps back with a PolyFill.
Finally you can add a color node set to Ramp from Attribute or Random from Attribute and use the height to drive it.
3 - Further Improvements
This small tutorial only covered the generation of the base mesh. The heightfield SOPS can generate a lot of interesting data you could use for example to scatter props in coherent ways.
Also there’s probably a better way to smooth the slices than using the Subdivide SOP, I tried several methods but none of them worked really the way I wanted to, so feel free to send me what you come up with!
4 - Conclusion
You can download the project file here
For further updates and tutorials, you can follow us on Twitter @borderline_vg
If you have any question related to this tutorial you can message me directly @tomdns_